5 Things We Can Do to Improve Agriculture
We must increase our investment into breeding new crops, in addition to increasing the use sustainable farming practices. Conventional breeding is responsible for the majority of crop yield gains. However, molecular biology holds the promise for even greater yield increases. It is possible to map plant genetic codes, test for desired DNA traits and purify crop strains. It is important to increase public and private investment in crop-breeding, particularly for orphan crops.
Diversification of operations
Diversifying your operations can bring you many benefits, including increased revenue. Diversifying your farm is more sustainable that one that is primarily focused on one crop. Diversifying your crops into several different types helps create more jobs in the community and helps maintain the food supply. Diversification breaks the cycle and reduces weeds. We will be discussing the benefits of crop rotations in the bulletin below. In addition to boosting the yield of rotational crops, diversifying your operations can provide nutrients for the soil and enhance the soil’s structure and moisture.
Rainwater harvesting is increasing
Although Ethiopia was an early adopter RWH technologies, implementation has faced many obstacles. The country’s eastern region is experiencing an acute water shortage. Farmers are not receiving better technologies to capture rainwater. Ethiopia has proposed RWH technologies in an effort to reduce drought and increase agricultural productivity. This technology can be beneficial in several ways. It can help farmers save money, improve crop yields, and reduce the impact of climate change on agriculture.
Increasing nitrogen efficiency
Increasing the efficiency of nitrogen use can dramatically increase productivity and profitability for farmers. Current research suggests that nitrogen loss is at least 70 per cent, and increasing N use efficiency can significantly increase crop yields. This research focuses on the use of enhanced efficiency nitrogen fertilizers (EENFs), which can increase soil N uptake and decrease fertilizer losses. This study used a multilocation field trial with cauliflower in seven districts to determine the efficacy of UB and sulphur-coated urea on curd yield.
Increasing farmer-to-farmer education
In order for increased farmer-to-farmer education to improve agriculture, we must take advantage of grower knowledge in the context of the larger farming system. Social learning is a great way to encourage innovation because it allows farmers to learn from each other. Communities of practice encourage the sharing of knowledge and experience between farmers, both traditional and unconventional. We can encourage more farmer participation and transform our farming system by offering opportunities for farmers to share their knowledge.
Reforming tree-ownership laws
Achieving both objectives through selective support to extensive agriculture is a win-win proposition for rural areas. Higher agricultural outputs will reduce the costs of expanding agriculture and put downward pressure on local output prices, both of which benefit the environment. In the meantime, farmers will be more inclined to invest in land if they have better tenure security. Reforming tree-ownership laws in order to improve agriculture will improve yields and help reach both of these goals simultaneously.