Agriculture is the practice of growing crops and raising livestock. The emergence of sedentary human civilizations is largely due to agriculture. The domestication of species, such as livestock, created food surpluses, which allowed people to settle in urban centers. Agriculture has been around for thousands of years. But how did it become so important to human civilization? Let’s look at some of the most important agricultural milestones. It all started with agriculture.
The development of agriculture can be traced to four major areas. Early farming societies developed simple irrigation systems that channeled water from streams onto fields. These people specialized in certain kinds of plants, and eventually developed better varieties of them. Around 6000 BCE, a new variety of wheat came about, allowing farmers to cultivate the crop and make bread. This new crop allowed people to cultivate vast quantities of food. Agriculture allowed people to work on other tasks, leaving them with surplus food.
While agriculture is a key component of our lives, it also has significant environmental implications. Overpopulation and the desire for food has led to the overuse of water and soil resources. Increased irrigation and pollution of rivers and wells have negatively affected water supplies. In addition to that, agricultural chemicals have contaminated groundwater and soil and disrupted food chains. Protecting the environment while farming is one of the best ways to solve world hunger. For instance, agriculture is responsible for over 90% of all soil pollution and land degradation.